Pan, 1899. By Mikhail Vrubel, oil on canvas. Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

Pan teaching shepherd Daphnis to play the panpipes, 2nd century AD. Roman copy of Greek original ca. 100 BC attributed to Heliodorus (found in Pompeii)

Pan (Greek polytonic|Πάν) is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr. He is recognized as the god of fields, groves, and wooded glens; because of this, Pan is connected to fertility and season of spring. It is likely that the demonized images of the incubus and even the horns and cloven hooves of Satan, as depicted in much medieval and post-medieval Christian literature and art, were taken from the images of Pan.

Pan's ancient Roman equivalent was Faunus, and they were both Horned God deities. For this reason he is popular among many Neopagans and occultic groups.